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Tree Study, Newburgh, N.Y.

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
1849
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 22 1/8 x 18 in. ( 56.2 x 45.7 cm ) Frame: 28 3/4 x 25 x 3 1/2 in. (73 x 63.5 x 8.9 cm)
Credit Line: 
Gift of Nora Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1932.49
Gallery Label: 
Durand was a major advocate of outdoor painting in America, and he is still celebrated for the modestly scaled but powerful plein air paintings in which he recorded years of experience at the sketching grounds of the American landscape school. Thirteen of these works are on view here; they served as studies for his pastoral landscapes as well as for the vertical American forest interiors like Primeval Forest, ca. 1854 and Woodland Brook, 1859 that were so closely identified with Durand. Following traditional academic process, Durand used his drawn and painted studies to create the final exhibition work, which was an elaborate invention, or composition, painted in the studio. Nevertheless, the artist's close on-site study of natural objects and atmospheric effects informed the growing realism of Durand's exhibition pictures from the 1850s on.
Bibliography: 
Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 171. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 3 . Harvey, Eleanor Jones, The Painted Sketch: American Impressions from Nature 1830-1880, Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art, 1998, pp. 130-1. Peck, H. Daniel, "Unlikely Kindred Spirits: A New Vision of Landscape in the Works of Henry David Thoreau and Asher B. Durand," American Literary History, Vol. 17, no. 4, Winter 2005, pp. 695-6, 702. Ferber, Linda S., ed., Kindred Spirits Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape, Brooklyn Museum, 2007, pp. 22-5.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1849
eMuseum Object ID: 
513
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Nature Study

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
1853
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 20 x 16 in. ( 50.8 x 40.6 cm )
Credit Line: 
Gift of Nora Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1932.53
Bibliography: 
Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, p. 248. Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 173. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 332. Foshay, Ella M., and Novak, Barbara, Intimate Friends: Thomas Cole, Asher B. Durand, William Cullen Bryant, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 2000, p. 54.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1853
eMuseum Object ID: 
512
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Primeval Forest

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1854
Medium: 
Oil on pre-primed canvas, with butt end stretcher
Dimensions: 
Canvas: 58 x 48 in. ( 147.3 x 121.9 cm ) Framed: 3 x 64 1/2 x 54 3/4 in. (7.6 x 163.8 x 139.1 cm)
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mrs. Lucy Maria Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1907.18
Marks: 
Canvas stencil: PREPARED / BY/ EDWD DECHAUX / NEW-YORK; stretcher stencil: 366
Gallery Label: 
Other Primeval Forest compositions of 1854 and 1869 by Durand, which differ from the NYHS version, are owned by the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., and Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts. Durand painted a Primeval Forest in 1854 for Edward D. Nelson which was displayed at the National Academy that year and is now unlocated.
Provenance: 
The artist and his family.
Bibliography: 
The Home Journal: For the Cultivation of the Memorable, the Progressive, and the Beautiful, No. 425 for the Week Ending April 1, 1854, p. 2, col. 3-4. The Albion, April 15, 1854, Vol. 13, No. 15, p. 17. "The Fine Arts," New-York Daily Tribune, Vol. XIV, No. 4,060, April 22, 1854, p. 2. Lewis, E. Anna, "Art and Artists of America: Asher Brown Durand," Graham's Magazine, Philadelphia, Vol. XLV, No. 4, October 1854, p. 321. Tuckerman, Henry T., Book of the Artists, American Artist Life, Comprising Biographical and Critical Sketches of American Artists: Preceded by an Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of Art in America, New York: P. Putnam & Son, 1867, p. 189. Sheldon, G. W., American Painters: With Eighty-Three Examples of their Work Engraved on Wood, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1879, p. 129-30. Clement, Clara Erskine, and Hutton, Laurence, Artists of the Nineteenth Century and their Works: A Handbook Containing Two Thousand and Fifty Biographical Sketches, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1880, Vol. I, p. 227. Executor's Sale, Studies in Oil by Asher B. Durand, N.A., Deceased, Ortgies' Art Gallery, New York, April 13 and 14, 1887. Huntington, Daniel, Asher B. Durand: A Memorial Address, New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1887, p. 33-4. Durand, John, The Life and Times of Asher B. Durand, (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1894; Reprint, Hensonville, NY: Black Dome Press, 2007), p. 175. Johnson, Rossiter, ed., The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Brief Biographies of Authors, Administrators, Clergymen, Commanders, Editors, Engineers, Jurists, Merchants, Officials, Philanthropists, Scientists, Statesmen, and Others Who Are Making American History, Boston: The Biographical Society, 1904, Vol. III n.p. Catalogue of the Gallery of Art of The New York Historical Society, New York: Printed for the Society, 1915, p. 42. "Asher B. Durand and European Art," The Art Journal, Vol. XXI, Summer 1962, pp. 250, 254. Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, pp. 161-3, 367-70, 478-81, 664, 681-4. Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 101. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 336. Foshay, Ella M., and Novak, Barbara, Intimate Friends: Thomas Cole, Asher B. Durand, William Cullen Bryant, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 2000, p. 55. Smith, Alvy Ray, compiled by, Dr. John Durand (1664-1727) of Derby Connecticut: His Family Through Four Generations Featuring the Branch of His Youngest Son Ebenezer Durand Through Ten Generations to 2003, Boston: Newbury Street Press, 2003, p. 217. Leggio, Gail, "Nature's Presence: Asher B. Durand and American Landscape," American Arts Quarterly, Spring 2007, pp. 10-1, 14-5, 18. Ferber, Linda S., ed., Kindred Spirits Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape, Brooklyn Museum, 2007, pp. 181-4, 203, 218, Chronology.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1854
eMuseum Object ID: 
494
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Autumn Woods

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
1886
Medium: 
Oil on linen
Dimensions: 
Overall (linen): 54 x 84 in. (137.2 x 213.4 cm) Frame: 65 x 94 7/8 x 3 3/4 in. ( 165.1 x 241 x 9.5 cm )
Description: 
Landscape which depicts two rivers, the Chenango and the Unadilla, and a wooded area.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mrs. Albert Bierstadt
Object Number: 
1910.11
Marks: 
Signed, lower right: 'A. BIERSTADT' On paper label pasted on stretcher: 'LONDON. AUTUMN WOODS. HEAD OF SUSQUEHANNA RIVER, N.Y. STATE. A. BIERSTADT / 1271 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.'
Gallery Label: 
The two rivers shown in this painting were near the home of Albert Bierstadt's wife (the donor) in Waterville, NY.
Provenance: 
Mrs. Albert Bierstadt, direct from the artist.
Bibliography: 
Catalogue of the Gallery of Art of the New York Historical Society, New York: Printed for the Society, 1915, p. 49. Hendricks, Gordon, Albert Bierstadt: painter of the American West, New York: H.N. Abrams, 1974, n.p. Baigell, Matthew, Albert Bierstadt, New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1981, pp. 62-3. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. II, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, pp. 43-5. Hudson River Museum, ed., Paintbox Leaves: Autumnal Inspiration from Cole to Wyeth, (Yonkers: Hudson River Museum, 2010), 28-9
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1886
eMuseum Object ID: 
463
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Study At Marbletown, Ulster County, N.Y.

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1845
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 16 3/4 x 21 in. ( 42.5 x 53.3 cm )
Credit Line: 
Purchase, The Louis Durr Fund
Object Number: 
1887.7
Bibliography: 
Executor's Sale, Studies in Oil by Asher B. Durand, N.A., Deceased, Ortgies' Art Gallery, New York, April 13 and 14, 1887, p. 22, no. 319. Vail, R. W., Knickerbocker Birthday: A Sesqui Centennial History of The New-York Historical Society 1804-1954, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1954, p. 170. Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, pp. 243. 336-40, 656. Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 171. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 628. Harvey, Eleanor Jones, The Painted Sketch: American Impressions from Nature 1830-1880, Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art, 1998, 128-9. Foshay, Ella M., and Novak, Barbara, Intimate Friends: Thomas Cole, Asher B. Durand, William Cullen Bryant, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 2000, p. 53.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1845
eMuseum Object ID: 
227
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

European Landscape

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
1845
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 21 x 29 in. ( 53.3 x 73.7 cm )
Credit Line: 
Gift of R. McAllister Lloyd
Object Number: 
1969.26
Marks: 
signature and date: LL: J. F. KENSETT, 1845
Bibliography: 
Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. II, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 239.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1845
eMuseum Object ID: 
95
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Landscape with River, Figures

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
1891
Medium: 
Oil on academy board
Dimensions: 
Overall: 5 x 7 in. ( 12.7 x 17.8 cm )
Credit Line: 
Purchase, James Hazen Hyde Fund
Object Number: 
1949.275
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1891
eMuseum Object ID: 
70
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Study for "June"

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1870
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 22 1/2 x 18 1/2 in. ( 57.2 x 47 cm )
Credit Line: 
Gift of Nora Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1932.32
Gallery Label: 
The Society's study is for the finished landscape, privately owned in 1978.
Bibliography: 
Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 188. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 359.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1870
eMuseum Object ID: 
30
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Haying at the Edge of the Woods

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1850
Medium: 
Oil on linen
Dimensions: 
Overall: 22 1/2 x 16 3/4 in. ( 57.2 x 42.5 cm )
Credit Line: 
Gift of Nora Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1918.344
Gallery Label: 
This is a fragment cut from a larger picture.
Bibliography: 
Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, p. 205. Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 85. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 331.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1850
eMuseum Object ID: 
28
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Hudson River School

Artist: Thomas Hill
Title: View of the Yosemite Valley
Medium: Oil on Canvas

The New-York Historical Society holds one of the oldest and most comprehensive collections of landscape painting by artists of the Hudson River School, the first school of truly American art to garner worldwide recognition and fame. Artists, poets and writers forged the first self-consciously “American” landscape vision and literary voice, grounded in the exploration of the natural world as a source of spiritual renewal and as an expression of national identity, first expressed through the scenery of the Hudson River Valley.

Teaser: 

The New-York Historical Society holds one of the oldest and most comprehensive collections of landscape painting by artists of the Hudson River School, the first school of truly American art to garner worldwide recognition and fame.

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