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Catskill Creek, N.Y.

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
1845
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 26 1/2 x 36 in. ( 67.3 x 91.4 cm ) Framed: 37 5/8 x 47 5/8 x 4 1/2 in. ( 95.6 x 121 x 11.4 cm )
Credit Line: 
The Robert L. Stuart Collection, the gift of his widow Mrs. Mary Stuart
Object Number: 
S-157
Gallery Label: 
The Catskill Mountains were an important subject for Cole from the beginning of his career; in 1836 he moved to the village of Catskill on the west bank of the Hudson River, and the distinctive undulating mountain peaks were a regular motif in his work. In this painting from his late career, the artist acknowledged the encroachment of civilization on his beloved mountains, but nonetheless depicted them as a haven where man and nature could harmoniously co-exist. From the 1820s on, the Catskill area became an increasingly popular tourist destination and commercial enterprise made inroads as well, to Cole's grave concern. In 1836 the Canajoharie & Catskill Railroad begin clearing land for a 26-mile line. In a letter that year to his patron Luman Reed, Cole fumed at "the dollar-godded utilitarians" who were cutting down trees in the valley. In this autumnal twilight view, the ax-hewn tree in the left foreground is a pointed reminder of man's presence, and the smoke in the background, carefully placed at the center of the composition, hints ominously at growing industry in the area. However, the viewer's eye ultimately rests upon the foreground figure pulling his small boat from the water as a companion, almost hidden in the rocks, gestures toward the still-wild, primeval woods.
Bibliography: 
Stillman & Durand, eds., "Sketchings," The Crayon, Vol. III, No. 2, February 1856, pp. 123, 57 Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New-York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 207. Maddox, Kenneth W., "Thomas Cole and the Railroad: Gentle Maledictions," Archives of American Art Journal, Vol. 26, No. 1, 1986, pp. 2-10. Sweeney, J. Gray, '"Endured with Rare Genius:' Frederic Edwin Church's 'To the Memory of Cole,"' Smithsonian Studies in American Art, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Winter, 1988), p. 48. Powell, Earl A., Thomas Cole. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1990, p. 112. Koja, Stephan, Ed. AMERICA: The New World in 19th-Century Painting, Munich: New York: Prestel, 1999, p. 74. Ledes, Allison E., ed. "The Magazine Antiques: January 2005." New York: Brant Publications, Inc., 2005.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1845
eMuseum Object ID: 
1165
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Landscape

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1855
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 14 x 23 1/4 in. ( 35.6 x 59.1 cm )
Credit Line: 
Bequest of Kate Warner
Object Number: 
1914.6
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1855
eMuseum Object ID: 
1150
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

View on the Normanskill Near Albany

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1850
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall (canvas): 8 3/4 x 11 3/4 in. (22.2 x 29.8 cm) Frame: 15 3/4 x 18 7/8 x 2 3/8 in. ( 40 x 47.9 x 6 cm )
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mrs. Charles S. Fairchild
Object Number: 
1927.11
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1850
eMuseum Object ID: 
1143
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Black Mountains, Lake George, NY

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1874
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 16 x 24 in. ( 40.6 x 61 cm )
Credit Line: 
Gift of Nora Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1932.15
Bibliography: 
Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, pp. 263, 381-5, 665, Figs. 138-9. Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 189. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 361.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1874
eMuseum Object ID: 
1138
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Landscape with River (Scene in Northern New York)

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
1849
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 14 x 20 in. ( 35.6 x 50.8 cm ) frame: 19 x 25 x 1 3/4 in. (48.3 x 63.5 x 4.4 cm)
Credit Line: 
Gift of DeWitt M. Lockman
Object Number: 
1953.51
Gallery Label: 
Gifford's sketches place him on the Sacandaga River, a tributary of the Hudson, in August 1849 when he made the pencil study that served as a reference for Scen in Northern New York. This small painting is one of the artist's very earliest works, demonstrating youthful promise as well as Gifford's profitable study of Thomas Cole's landscapes. Raised in the riverside town of Hudson, just across the river from Cole's house and studio, Gifford was keenly aware of his famous neighbor, whose example inspired him to embrace the outdoor life of a landscape painter.
Bibliography: 
"Fine Arts," The New York Times, Dec. 16, 1851, p. 3. "American Art Union. Second Day's Sale," The New York Times, Dec. 17, 1852, p. 3. Weiss, Ila, Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823-1880), New York: Garland Publishing, 1977, pp. 50-4. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. II, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, pp. 64-5. Weiss, Ila, Poetic Landscapes: The Art and Experience of Sanford R. Gifford, Newark: University of Delaware Press, c. 1987, pp. 174-5
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1849
eMuseum Object ID: 
1131
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Roman Landscape with the Coliseum and the Attic of the Arch of Titus, Italy

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
1868
Medium: 
Oil on paper, laid on paper, laid on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 6 1/2 x 17 in. ( 16.5 x 43.2 cm )
Credit Line: 
Gift of Miss Nora Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1932.39
Marks: 
Date: lower left: " NOV. 3rd / 68" Inscription: On frame, in pencil: "COLISSIUM / T. H. HOTCHKISS"
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at lower left with a stylus: "Nov 3rd / /68"; frame inscribed in graphite: "Colissium / T.H. Hotchkiss"
Provenance: 
Estate of Thomas Hiram Hotchkiss; Asher B. Durand and Family; Lucy Durand Woodman, Orange, New Jersey
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1868
eMuseum Object ID: 
1034
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Nature Study: A Birch Tree

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1860
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 22 x 16 3/4 in. ( 55.9 x 42.5 cm ) Frame: 29 x 23 1/4 x 2 1/2 in. (73.7 x 59.1 x 6.4 cm)
Credit Line: 
Gift of Nora Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1932.47
Gallery Label: 
A fellow artist recalled Durand's plein air painting routine of working concurrently on a morning and an afternoon study: "...I remember that he generally devoted a part of two days to each picture, limiting himself to the morning or afternoon of each day, according to the effects resulting from sun and shadow."
Bibliography: 
Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, p. 260. Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 173. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 357.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1860
eMuseum Object ID: 
1033
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Catskill Mountains

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1858
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 10 3/4 x 15 5/8 in. ( 27.3 x 39.7 cm )
Credit Line: 
Gift of Nora Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1932.188
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1858
eMuseum Object ID: 
1020
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Woodland Brook

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
1859
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 45 1/4 x 36 in. ( 114.9 x 91.4 cm ) Frame: 61 x 47 x 5 in. (61 x 47 x 5 in.)
Credit Line: 
The Robert L. Stuart Collection, the gift of his widow Mrs. Mary Stuart
Object Number: 
S-190
Marks: 
Signature and date: at lower left (on rock): A B DURAND / 1859
Bibliography: 
Catalogue of Paintings in the Picture Galleries, New York: The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations, 1929, p. 35. Catalogue of Paintings in the Picture Galleries, New York: The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations, 1941, p. 29. Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, pp. 172-3, 266-7, 484-5. Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 123. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, pp. 346-9. Avery, Kevin J., "A Historiography of the Hudson River School," American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987, pp. 3-20. Dearinger, David B., "Asher B. Durand and Henry Kirke Brown: An Artistic Friendship," The American Art Journal, Vol. XX, No. 3, 1988, pp. 74-83. Durand, John, The Life and Times of Asher B. Durand, Hensonville, New York: Black Dome Press, 2006 (first published by C. Scribner's Sons, 1894), pp. 176-7.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1859
eMuseum Object ID: 
982
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Woodland Brook

Collections: 
Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1859
Medium: 
Sepia oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 45 1/4 x 36 1/4 in. (114.9 x 92.1 cm) Frame: 52 1/4 x 42 1/8 x 2 1/4 in. (132.7 x 107 x 5.7 cm)
Credit Line: 
Gift of Nora Durand Woodman
Object Number: 
1930.11
Gallery Label: 
This monochromatic cartoon is a roughly blocked-in preliminary version by the artist Durand's Woodland Brook of 1859 in the Stuart Collection (Stuart 190) on loan to the Society through the New York Public Library.
Bibliography: 
Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, pp. 368-70, 484-5, 664. Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 123. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, pp. 347-8. Foshay, Ella M., and Novak, Barbara, Intimate Friends: Thomas Cole, Asher B. Durand, William Cullen Bryant, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 2000, frontispiece. Ferber, Linda S., ed., Kindred Spirits Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape, Brooklyn Museum, 2007, pp189, 203.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1859
eMuseum Object ID: 
930
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

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