Watercolor, graphite, pastel, black chalk, and black ink with touches of gouache and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 18 7/8 x 11 3/4 in. (47.9 x 29.8 cm)
Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Watermark: TURKEY MILLS / JWHATMAN / 1817 [reversed]
Inscribed at lower left in brown ink: "Drawn from Nature by John J. Audubon / James Pirrie's Esqr. Plantation August 4th 1821"; at lower right: "Louisiana Warbler Male"; in graphite: "& female."; below in brown ink: "[crossed out]Sylvia Ludovicianna / Sylvia Childreni --"; below: "Plant"; in graphite: "…[illegilble] / Spanish…"; lower and upper birds numbered respectively in graphite: "1"; "2"; at upper right corner: "35"
Immature above; male below. Audubon originally called this bird Children's Warbler after John George Children (1777-1852), a fellow and secretary of the Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge.
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.