4th of July

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Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana) and Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea), Havell plate no. 354

Object Number: 
1863.17.354
Date: 
1836-1837
Medium: 
Watercolor, graphite, and gouache with touches of black ink and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 21 5/8 x 13 13/16 in. (54.9 x 35.1 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at lower left in brown ink[below margin line ruled in graphite]: "1. 2. Louisana Tanager / Tanagra ludoviciana, Wils. / 1 & 2. Males Spring plumage. / No 71."; at lower center: "J.J.A"; at lower right of center: "Scarlet Tanager. Tanagra rubra, L. / 3 old Male Spring plumage / 4 old Female Do Do. -- " -- / Plate 354. -- / Plant / Laurus carolinens[cut]"; at middle right in graphite[cut]: "Mr Havell will... / please attend... / the Jaggings of... / Bills -- "; birds numbered in brown ink clockwise from upper left: "1"; "2"; "3"; "4"; vertical line in graphite indicates right margin for placement on copper plate
Description: 
Male Western Tanager, upper right and upper left; male Scarlet Tanager, center; female Scarlet Tanager, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified asRedbay or Laurel tree (Persea borbonia) painted by Maria Martin
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group