Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra), Havell plate no. 44

Object Number: 
Watercolor, gouache, pastel, black chalk, graphite, and black ink with selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 18 7/8 x 11 11/16 in. (47.9 x 29.7 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscribed at lower left in brown ink: "Drawn from Nature by John. J. Audubon / Bayou Sarah Louisianna August 27th. 1821."; at lower center: "Summer Red Bird / Tanagra Aestiva"; at lower right in graphite[erased]: "No. 9[?] / Male old 1. Young 2.F.3. / ...Aestiva Plant Vulgo... / ...plant..."; birds numbered in graphite upper to lower: "1"; "3"; "2"; at upper right in graphite: "44"
Adult male, above; adult female, center; immature male, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia). The center bird was painted on August 27, 1821 and the other two birds were added several years later.
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group