Vaccination Policy

All visitors ages 12 and older must show proof of full vaccination against COVID-19. Visitors ages 5–11 must show proof of one dose. Read more >

Stephen Burroughs (1795-1840)

Object Number: 
Mid-19th century
Off-white painted plaster
Overall: 10 3/4 x 6 1/4 x 9 in. ( 27.3 x 15.9 x 22.9 cm )
inscribed: on interior in pencil: "Stephen Buroughs" paper label: under chin: "Burrough head 22-87, STEPHEN BURROUGHS/American Adventurer"
Death mask
Gallery Label: 
This cast was part of the Phrenological Museum of Fowler & Wells, which opened in New York City in 1842. Brothers Orson Squire Fowler (1809-1887) and Lorenzo Niles Fowler (1811-1896) and their business associate Samuel Roberts Wells (1820-1875) were noted phrenologists who read heads to understand the subject's "temperament." Their Phrenological Cabinet displaying casts, skulls, and charts became a popular fixture in the city.
Credit Line: 
Purchase, General Fund
The Fowler Mask Collection
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group