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Soup and sauce tureens

Object Number: 
1950.253a-f
Date: 
ca. 1800
Medium: 
Silver
Dimensions: 
Overall (large tureen): 9 5/8 x 12 1/2 x 9 5/8 in. (24.4 x 31.8 x 24.4 cm)
Marks: 
engraved: on covers and center fronts: Lenox family crest, a crowned lion passant guardant stamped: on the bases of sauce tureens: "H * WISHART" in roman letters stamped: on the base of the large tureen: "H * WISHART" in roman letters in a rectangle bet
Description: 
Set of three wrought silver tureens with covers; rectangular bodies, with inverted pear-shaped rectangular lower halves, which are highlighted by applied, beaded bands; applied, beaded bands around the rims; bodies seated on high, rectangular, stepped feet with beaded bands applied around the footrings; two, cast squared handles covered with acanthus leaves, are applied to the sides; rectangular, stepped and domed covers with bands of beading mid-way and surmounted by domed rectangular finials with beading around the centers; covers and the front centers of the bodies are engraved with the Lenox family crest, a crowned lion passant guardant; maker's marks on the bases; pseudo English hallmarks stamped below the rims on the sides.
Gallery Label: 
These stately rectangular tureens-the larger for soup and smaller two for sauce-are rare in American silver. Most surviving examples in the "true" or "correct" style, as it was known during the period, mimic ancient vase forms, or are elliptical or boat-shaped. In its restrained design, with spare beaded ornament, this set is similar to the oblong, English Neoclassical examples made during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. According to the donor, these unusual tureens were manufactured in New York "to complement the Dinner Service . . . made for Mr. Lenox in London." Indeed, the tureens are clearly compatible with Lenox's imported platters, plates, and covered dishes (1950.254-5). Following English tradition, each tureen was engraved with the Lenox family crest.
Credit Line: 
Bequest of Waldron Phoenix Belknap, Jr.
Provenance: 
Robert Lenox (1759-1839), who married Rachel Carmer (1763-1843); probable descent (soup and one sauce tureen), to their daughter Rachel Carmer Lenox (b. 1792), who married David Sproat Kennedy (1791-1853); to their son James Lenox Kennedy (1823-1864), who married Cornelia Van Rensselaer (1836-1864); to their son Henry Van Rensselaer Kennedy (1863-1912), who married Marian Robbins (1862-1946); to their daughter Rachel Lenox Kennedy Porter (1887-1962), who married (2nd) Graeme Donald (1884-1928); consigned by Mrs. Graeme Donald to Robert Ensko Inc., New York City; purchased in 1937 by Waldron Phoenix Belknap, Jr., the donor. Second sauce tureen acquired by Francis P. Garvan, probably prior to 1931; sold in 1939 by John Marshall Phillips, Yale University Art Gallery, to Waldron Phoenix Belknap, Jr. (1899-1949), the donor.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group