Smith's Longspur, Lesser Goldfinch, Black-headed Siskin, Western Tanager, Hoary Redpoll, Townsend's Bunting, Havell plate nos. 394 and 400
Watercolor, graphite, black ink, and gouache with touches of pastel on paper, laid on card
Paper: 17 7/16 x 11 3/4 in. (44.3 x 29.8 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscribed at upper left in graphite: "Emberiza Picta, Swain. / Buff coloured Bunting / Male. -- / 2d quill longest. 1st nearly / equal -- primaries alternated / ...but such on the outer edges / Tail 2 1/4 Inches --"; at the middle left: "Louisiana Tanager / Tanagra ludoviciana. / old Female."; below: illegibly rubbed with fingerprint; at lower left: "Townsend's Finch / Fringilla Townsendii. / Aud."; at lower right: "Linola flavirostris?"; at middle right: "Black-headed Siskin / Fringilla magellanica. Viell[cut] / Male bird -- February -- / 1818. / reversed"; above vertically: "Oregana -- / pallida -- / Lazuli."; at upper right: "Arkansaw Siskin, Male / Fringilla Psaltria, Say."; five birds numbered from lower to upper: "1"; "2 / 2"; "3"; "2"; "5"; at upper right corner: "400"; erased inscriptions throughout
From upper to lower: Smith's Longspur (Calcarius pictus), male; Lesser Goldfinch (Spinus psaltria), male; Black-headed Siskin (Spinus notata), male; Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana), female; Hoary Redpoll (Acanthis hornemanni), male; Townsend's Bunting (Emberiza townsendii), male. The Black-headed Siskin was used for Plate 394 and the remaining birds were reoriented for Plate 400.
The bird that Audubon named "Townsend's finch" has never been found again, it may have been a cross between a Dickcissel and a Blue grosbeak
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.