Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber), Havell plate no. 397

Object Number: 
c. 1837
Watercolor, graphite, gouache, and pastel with touches of black ink and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 21 1/4 x 29 5/16 in. (54 x 74.5 cm) Mat: 31 x 41 in. (78.7 x 104.1 cm)
Watermark: JWHATMAN
Inscribed at lower left in graphite: "30 1/2 Inches / by 22 Inches."; below: "No 80 --- Plate 397. / J.J.A"; at lower left of center: "Ibis rubra, Vieill. / 1. Adult male. 2 Young Second Spring plumage."; at middle right[partially erased]: "The…because / in… an indication / That Nature… although to / …is yet obliged / to …pleting of her / … It also appears to me / that…of colouring is …er / …facts / …of the birds-- / … The stomach / …near head, that / ...and then / … / ..."
Adult, left; immature, right
Gallery Label: 
This bird is rarely seen in the U.S. today, and Audubon said he never observed them closely in life. This picture is based on specimens obtained outside the U.S.
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group