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Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus), Havell plate no. 157

Object Number: 
1863.17.157
Date: 
1820; 1829
Medium: 
Watercolor, graphite, collage, pastel, black chalk, and black ink with touches of gouache on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 29 7/16 x 20 3/4 in. (74.8 x 52.7 cm) Mat: 41 x 31 in. (104.1 x 78.7 cm)
Marks: 
Watermark: JWHATMAN / 18[?] [reversed]
Inscriptions: 
Birds numbered clockwise from lower left in graphite: "2"; "1"; "3"; "3"; at upper right: "57"
Description: 
Immature, upper two; male, center; female, lower
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Black haw (Virburnum prunifolium); center bird pasted onto composition, cut from an earlier work; two young birds added in 1829; Havell completed composition following Audubon's pencil outlines
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group