Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus), Havell plate no. 379

Object Number: 
Watercolor, graphite, black ink, and gouache with touches of pastel and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 21 1/8 x 15 15/16 in. (53.7 x 40.5 cm) Mat: 35 x 27 in. (88.9 x 68.6 cm)
Inscribed at lower left in graphite: "Ruff-necked Humming-bird / Trochilus rufus. Latham / No 77 / Plate 374"; at lower center: "Ruffed / Nootka Sound[crossed out] Humming Bird -- 1. 2. Males 3 F. & nest. -- / Trochilus rufus -- / Mr Havell will please to place the lower portion of the nest at point a marked abo[ve, cut] / and take off the leaf now there -- this will make the plate less, and for a bet[ter, cut] / calm position. / Victor must look in Swainson & Richardson's Fauna borealis -- for the name both English & Latin given to this bird, and / having it engraved -- I have to…ascertain[?] it. --"; at lower left of center below nest: "a"; at lower right in brown ink: "Plant / Cleome heptap[cut]"
Males, above; females, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Spider flower (Cleome houtteana); Nest painted by Maria Martin
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group