Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus), Havell plate no. 41

Object Number: 
1863.17.41
Date: 
1824
Medium: 
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, black ink, and oil, with touches of gouache and white lead pigment on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 25 7/8 x 38 3/8 in. (65.7 x 97.5 cm) Mat: 39 x 53 in. (99.1 x 134.6 cm)
Marks: 
Watermark: JWHATMAN [covered by oil]
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at lower left in brown ink[cut]: "…o 1. / …late 41."; at lower left of center: "John. J. Audubon / Ruffed Grous / Vulgo Pheasant. Male 1 & 2. F.3. -- / Tetrao umbellus. --"; erased inscriptions at upper right
Description: 
Males, above; females, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Toadshade (Trillium sessile) and Moonseed (Menispermum canadense).
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group