Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus), Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) Red-shafted, Red-breasted Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus ruber), Lewis's Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis), and Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus), Havell plate no. 416

Object Number: 
1822; Winter 1836-37
Watercolor, collage, black ink, pastel, graphite, gouache, and black chalk with scratching out and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 37 3/16 x 24 5/16 in. (94.5 x 61.8 cm) Mat: 53 x 39 in. (134.6 x 99.1 cm)
Watermark: JWHATMAN / 1836
Inscribed at lower left in brown ink: "Red Shafted Woodpecker. / Picus mexicanus. -- Swain. / 1. male 2. female. -- / No 72...[cut]"; at lower left of center: "Lewis Woodpecker. / Picus torquatus, Wils. / 3. male, 4 Female"; at lower center: "Red breasted Woodpecker. / Picus flaviventris, Viell. / 5. male, 6 female. --"; at lower right of center: "Red bellied Woodpecker / Picus carolinus. -- L. / 7. male, 8 Female}[bracket]"; at lower right: "Hairy Woodpecker / Picus villosus, L. / 9 male 10, Female. / Red-cockaded Woodpecker / Picus guerulus, Wils.-- / 11. male, 12 Do. 13 female.--"; to the right[crossed out]: "Red Cockaded Woodpecker"; birds identified and annotated in graphite counterclockwise beginning at upper left: "Hairy"; "Hairy"; "...Tuesday--"; "Picus ruber"; "46 Colaptes rubricatus, Bonap."; "Red bellied"; "Colla[cut, under collaged piece]"; "[erased]...length...all these birds...This!-- / This species.."; birds numbered counterclockwise from upper left in graphite: "9/ 9"; "10"; "2"; "3"; "5"; "4"; "6"; "8"; "7"; 13"; at lower left in brown ink: "5"; "6"
Hairy Woodpecker, male and female, upper left; Red-bellied Woodpecker, male and female, upper right; Northern Flicker(Red-Shafted western race), male and female, center; below: Lewis' Woodpecker, male and female; Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, male and female, lower left and right
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group