Rebel Defenses from Woods, White's Chicago Mercantile Battery, General Sherman's Position, Vicksburg, Mississippi, 17 June 1863
June 17, 1863
Graphite and black ink wash on beige paper
Overall: 10 3/4 x 13 1/4 in. ( 27.3 x 33.7 cm )
Inscribed at upper left in graphite: "Drawn 17th June"; various annotations; along upper edge: "[cut] Rebel defenses from Woods, Chicago Battery constituting the Advance, Sherman's position / 1 1/2 miles from the Court House at Vicksburg. -- The ravine separating the two armies is / where our troops were slaughtered during the attack on the rebel batteries. You can manu-facture a picture of the attack from this sketch -- The infantry advanced over the ravine & were unable / to reach the top of the earthworks & were driven back with great slaughter."
Civil War Drawings Collection. After being promoted to Captain of the Chicago Mercantile Battery on February 28, 1863, Patrick White and his new troops participated in several Union successes prior to Vicksburg. The Battery actively contributed to victories at the battles of Port Gibson, Big Black River, and Champion Hill. On May 22, 1863, General US Grant conducted his first major assault against the Confederate defenses of Vicksburg, Mississippi. In the midst of Grant's en echelon attack, General A. J. Smith sought an artillery commander to take on a particularly dangerous assignment. Patrick H. White accepted this request to transport a six-pound cannon down a steep hill and then up another to fire point blank into a Rebel stronghold. The Confederate target was the Second Texas Lunette, a fort from which the Confederate soldiers were tenaciously fighting to prevent Smith’s men from obtaining access to Hawkins Ferry Road, one of the major entrances into Vicksburg. White and his small band of artillerymen were joined by some infantrymen from the 23rd Wisconsin who helped them to pull their cannon through the ravine up to the Confederate fort.
James B. Wilbur Fund
John T. Kavanaugh Collection, Rutherford, New Jersey, 1945
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.