Overall: 16 1/2 x 15 1/2 x 8 1/2 in. ( 41.9 x 39.4 x 21.6 cm )
Inscription: applied apron at base cast: "THE CITIZENS OF PHILADELPHIA/ TO CAPTAIN J. LAWRENCE" in block letters Inscription: engraved left side of the base: "Peacock's Loss/ 3 Killed 30 Wounded" in block letters Inscription: engraved on the reverse of
Wrought and cast silver presentation urn; deep, oval bowl with a beaded band applied below the concave shoulder; foliate band applied around the rim with bezel; seated on an oval pedestal with swag decoration and a splayed oval foot with a foliate and bead band around the edge; foot applied to a chamfered rectangular base with an applied beaded band and four scrolled legs with cast bearded and horned masks at the knees; ogee aprons between the legs, front apron with the applied inscription, "THE CITIZENS OF PHILADELPHIA/ TO CAPTAIN J. LAWRENCE" in block letters, left apron engraved, "Peacock's Loss/ 3 Killed 30 Wounded" in block letters, right apron engraved, "Hornet's Loss/ 1 Killed 2 Wounded" in block letters, reverse apron engraved, "Presented by the Citizens of Philadelphia to Capt. James Lawrence, of the U.S./ Sloop of war Hornet; as a testimonial of the high sense the entertain of/ his skill & gallantry in capturing, on the 24th February 1813, the British Sloop of war/ Peacock of equal force, after a close action of 15 minutes, & of his humane/ exertions, in reserving the vanquished Crew, from their sinking Ship." in script; two loop handles with acanthus grips and bearded Neptune's head joints; oval lid the raised to a flat dome with repoussé chased acanthus decoration around the dome and surmounted by a seated goddess of war in a draped toga, helmet, holding a shield and a laurel wreath to the victor; maker's marks stamped on the base.
The War of 1812 produced numerous naval victories by the U.S. over the British Royal Navy. Especially notable was Capt. James Lawrence's defeat of the British brig "Peacock" in less than 15 minutes. Afterward, he was given this tureen in Philadelphia. He soon returned to sea and commanded the "Chesapeake." But on June 1, 1813, Lawrence lost his ship in minutes. Mortally wounded, he commanded, "Don't give up the ship," as the enemy boarded. He died 3 days later and was buried by his captors.
The Eugene H. Pool Collection of Captain James Lawrence, Gift of Dr. Eugene H. Pool
Presented to Julia Montaudevert Lawrence (1788-1865), widow of Captain James Lawrence (1781-1813); to their daughter Mary Neill Lawrence (1810-1843), who married William Preston Griffin (b. 1810); to their daughter Mary Lawrence Griffin (1843-1887), who married William Redmond, Jr. (b. 1835); probably to their son William Preston Redmond (1873-1938); to Eugene H. Pool (1874-1949), the donor.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.