Black ink over graphite with scratching out and touches of gouache on board
Overall: 22 1/8 x 14 15/16 in. ( 56.2 x 37.9 cm )
Signed: at lower left:"
Inscribed: "Phalanx /1936"
Signed and inscribed at lower center inside image in black ink: "Vernon Howe Bailey / Phalanx 1936"; outside image at lower right in graphite: "Phalanx"
Architecture: The North American Phalanx was a 19th century Utopian community in Red Bank, New Jersey. The Phalanx was founded in 1843 on the theories of Charles Fourier. Fourierists believed that members should work for the community at a variety of tasks for a portion of the day and then have time to devote to intellectual, artistic or recreational pursuits. Women were to be freed from the continual drudgery of housework. The community was forced to disband later in 1854 when a fire destroyed its manufacturing and agricultural buildings.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.