Graphite and black ink on prepared card
Overall: 18 3/8 x 24 1/8 in. ( 46.7 x 61.3 cm )
Inscribed at upper center in black ink over graphite: "Pl. 209. / Pawnee Pipes, in Red Stone"; pipes numbered from upper left to lower right in graphite: 47 to 53
Ethnography. Studies of Native Americans: Catlin's reproduction of the carving and construction of Native American pipes; these pipes bowls were made from Redstone or Pipestone now called by geologists "catlinite" after the artist, gathered ritually and reverently at a sacred quarry in Minnesota, now Pipestone National Park; it is considered by Native Americans the most important and most sacred material used to construct pipes; these pipes have been ornately carved into human faces, a head, a fist, a man smoking a long pipe, a bust of a naked women, a double bowled pipe with two drummers tugging a drum between them, mythological beasts with human bodies and animal heads and sometimes paws or tails, and a combination axehead/pipe bowl that was probably only used ceremonially, not as a weapon
The artist's collection; Francis Putnam Catlin, the artist's brother, serving as agent to George Henry Moore, acting on behalf of N-YHS
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.