Oval Allegorical Vignette of Remains from the Battle of Pittsburg Landing (Shiloh), Tennessee
6-7 April 1862
Graphite on paper
Overall: 4 1/2 x 6 3/8 in. ( 11.4 x 16.2 cm ) mat: 11 x 14 in. ( 27.9 x 35.6 cm )
Signed and inscribed at lower center in graphite: "HL. BATTLE OF PITTSBURG / FINIS"
Civil War Drawings Collection. As a result of the fall of Forts Henry and Donelson, Confederate Gen. Johnston was forced to fall back, giving up Kentucky and much of West and Middle Tennessee. He chose Corinth, Mississippi, a major transportation center, as the staging area for an offensive against Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant before the Army of the Ohio, under Maj. Gen. Buell, could join it. Grant, with about 40,000 men, mounted a southern offensive along the Tennessee River, toward Pittsburg Landing. Grant received orders to await Buell at Pittsburg Landing. Johnston, attacking the Union troops on the morning of the 6th, surprised them, routing many by evening. Johnston had been mortally wounded earlier and his second in command, Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, took over. The Union troops established another line covering Pittsburg Landing, anchored with artillery and augmented by Buell’s men who began to arrive and take up positions. Fighting continued until after dark, but the Federals held. By the next morning, the combined Federal forces numbered about 40,000, outnumbering Beauregard’s army of less than 30,000. Beauregard was unaware of the arrival of Buell’s army and launched a counterattack in response to a two-mile advance by William Nelson’s division of Buell’s army at 6:00 am, which was, at first, successful. Union troops stiffened and began forcing the Confederates back. Beauregard ordered a counterattack, which stopped the Union advance but did not break its battle line. At this point, Beauregard realized that he could not win and, having suffered too many casualties, he retired from the field and headed back to Corinth. On the 8th, Grant sent Brig. Gen. William T. Sherman, with two brigades, and Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood, with his division, in pursuit of Beauregard. They ran into the Rebel rearguard, commanded by Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest, at Fallen Timbers whose aggressive tactics, although eventually contained, prompted the Union troops to return to Pittsburg Landing. The Confederates continued to fall back until launching their mid-August offensive.
James B. Wilbur Fund
John T. Kavanaugh Collection, Rutherford, New Jersey, 1945
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.