Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius), Havell plate no. 42
Watercolor, pastel, graphite, black ink, and gouache with selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 23 13/16 x 18 7/8 in. (60.5 x 47.9 cm) Mat: 35 x 27 in. (88.9 x 68.6 cm)
Inscribed at center in brown ink: "No 9. plate 42. --- / published 1828. -- / London."; at lower right: "John. J. Audubon / Louisiana April 12th 1822."; above in brown ink[over erased graphite]: "Orchard Oriole. -- 1 & 2. Males incomplet[cut] / plumage. -- / Icterus spurius 3 & 4. Males of the Second / and third Year. -- / Plant Vulgo Honey-locust 5. female. -- the first Year / the all brood resemble her."; at upper right corner in graphite: "42"; birds numbered and identified clockwise beginning at upper left: "Old Male"; "female or Young alike"; "2d Year Male --"; erased inscriptions at lower right
Adult males, upper left and lower; immature males, upper right and middle left; female, right center
The background flora has been identified as Honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos).
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.