Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius), Havell plate no. 42

Object Number: 
Watercolor, pastel, graphite, black ink, and gouache with selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 23 13/16 x 18 7/8 in. (60.5 x 47.9 cm) Mat: 35 x 27 in. (88.9 x 68.6 cm)
Inscribed at center in brown ink: "No 9. plate 42. --- / published 1828. -- / London."; at lower right: "John. J. Audubon / Louisiana April 12th 1822."; above in brown ink[over erased graphite]: "Orchard Oriole. -- 1 & 2. Males incomplet[cut] / plumage. -- / Icterus spurius 3 & 4. Males of the Second / and third Year. -- / Plant Vulgo Honey-locust 5. female. -- the first Year / the all brood resemble her."; at upper right corner in graphite: "42"; birds numbered and identified clockwise beginning at upper left: "Old Male"; "female or Young alike"; "2d Year Male --"; erased inscriptions at lower right
Adult males, upper left and lower; immature males, upper right and middle left; female, right center
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos).
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group