The Morning After the Battle of July 28th, The Taking Up of Reb's Dead and Wounded by the Union Soldiers

Object Number: 
1945.580.105
Date: 
29 July 1864
Medium: 
Graphite, brown ink wash, and white chalk on gray paper
Dimensions: 
Overall: 10 x 14 in. ( 25.4 x 35.6 cm )
Inscriptions: 
Verso inscribed and signed at left vertically in brown ink: "The morning after the / battle of the 28 July -- taking up of / Reb's dead & wounded by the union soldiers / by J.F.E. Hillen"
Description: 
Civil War Drawings Collection. Probably a scene from General Sherman's Atlanta Campaign, the Battle of Ezra Church, 28 July 1864. Sherman's army stretched around the northern defenses of Atlanta. He decided to cut off the railroad supply lines from Macon, thus forcing the defending army to withdraw without a direct assault. Sherman sent his easternmost army, under Maj. Gen. Howard to the far western side of Atlanta where the railroad entered the city. Defending General Hood, anticipating Sherman's maneuver, moved his troops out to oppose the Union army. Hood planned to catch them completely by surprise. Although Hood's Confederate troops were outnumbered by the main Union army, he calculated that a surprise attack against an isolated portion of the enemy could succeed. The armies met on the afternoon of 28 July at a chapel called Ezra Church. Unfortunately for Hood, there was no surprise for Howard, who had predicted such a maneuver based on his knowledge of Hood from their cadet days at West Point. Howard's troops were already waiting in their trenches when Hood reached them. The Confederate army attacked, but was repulsed by the Union Army's improvised breastwork of logs and rails. The rebels were defeated, although they managed to stop Howard from reaching the railroad line.
Credit Line: 
James B. Wilbur Fund
Provenance: 
John T. Kavanaugh Collection, Rutherford, New Jersey, 1945
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group