James Madison (1750/51-1836)

Object Number: 
Oil on canvas
Unframed: 30 1/4 × 25 1/4 in. (76.8 × 64.1 cm) Framed: 40 in. × 34 3/4 in. × 4 in. (101.6 × 88.3 × 10.2 cm)
Gallery Label: 
This portrait was commissioned by Luman Reed as a part of Durand's series of the first seven presidents of the United States. Durand may have chosen to copy the likeness executed by Stuart rather than his own portrait of two years earlier because the latter represented the subject in old age while Stuart's image of 1804 was made when Madison was an active member of society and government in Washington.
Tuckerman, Henry T., Book of the Artists, American Artist Life, Comprising Biographical and Critical Sketches of American Artists: Preceded by an Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of Art in America, New York: P. Putnam & Son, 1867, p. 621 Sheldon, G. W., American Painters: With Eighty-Three Examples of their Work Engraved on Wood, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1879, p. 129-130. Durand, John, The Life and Times of Asher B. Durand, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1894; Reprint, Hensonville, NY: Black Dome Press, 2007), pp. 106-15. Sherman, Frederic Fairchild, Early American Portraiture, New York: Privately Printed, 1930, pp. 38-41. Bolton, Theodore, The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser. Vol. 8, No. 1, January 1951, pp. 25-47. Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, pp. 57, 140-159, 192-4, 616. Catalogue of American Portraits in The New-York Historical Society, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974, Vol. 2, pp. 513-4. Lassiter, Barbara Babcock, American Wilderness: The Hudson River School of Painting, Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1977, pp. 36-7. Foshay, Ella M., Luman Reed's Picture Gallery: Pioneer Collection of American Art, New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1990, pp. 19, 30-1, 46-8, 61-2, 84, 141-5, 208-9. Ferber, Linda S., ed., "Asher B. Durand, American Landscape Painter," Kindred Spirits Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape, Brooklyn Museum, 2007, pp. 70-1, 81, 130, 207, 217.
Credit Line: 
Gift of The New-York Gallery of the Fine Arts
Luman Reed, d. 1836; Mrs. Luman Reed, New York, 1836-44; New-York Gallery of the Fine Arts, 1844-58.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group