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Hoisting of the U.S. Flag at Fort Sumter, February 18, 1865; verso: sketch of the oar and hook used as an impromptu flag pole

Object Number: 
1945.580.61
Date: 
February 18, 1865
Medium: 
Graphite on paper
Dimensions: 
Overall: 8 1/2 x 12 1/4 in. (21.6 x 31.1 cm)
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at lower center in graphite: "line of Galrond[?]"; verso inscribed at lower center inverted: "The Flag Staff on which -- / the Stars & Stripes was / planted on Fort Sumter / -- Feb 18th --"; at left vertically: "remains of the U.S. Sloop- / of war Housatonic off / Sullivans Island S.C. / Feb. 18th/65 --"
Description: 
Civil War Drawings Collection. Engraved for Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, February 28-March 7, 1865, (XIX: 493):385; also in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Famous Leaders and Battle Scenes of the Civil War (New York: Mrs. Frank Leslie; 1896), pg. 464, completely redrawn by a skilled artist or the engraver, with a vignette view of the verso image of the oar and gaff hook used as impromptu flagpole. The Confederacy never surrendered Fort Sumter, but Sherman’s advance through South Carolina finally forced the Confederates to evacuate Charleston on 17 February 1865 and abandon Fort Sumter. This scene occured the following day.
Credit Line: 
James B. Wilbur Fund
Provenance: 
John T. Kavanaugh Collection, Rutherford, New Jersey, 1945
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group