Hard Times token: Smith's Clock Establishment, 1837
Overall: 1 1/8 in. ( 2.9 cm )
Token; copper; depiction of a clock with Roman numerals, with the time reading 10:14, on obverse; obverse "TIME / IS / MONEY" reverse "SMITHS / CLOCK / ESTABLISHMENT / No 7 1/2 / BOWERY / NEW YORK / 1837"
In 1837 and again in 1857, financial crises caused loss of confidence in paper money and widespread redemption of currency in coin. Banks were soon forced to suspend specie payments, and tokens and fractional notes had to serve as smaller change.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.