General John McCausland (1837-1927) at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania

Object Number: 
1904.18
Date: 
c. 1863
Medium: 
Black crayon on beige paper, laid on a larger sheet
Dimensions: 
Overall: 6 7/8 x 4 1/8 in. ( 17.5 x 10.5 cm ) mat: 18 x 14 in. ( 45.7 x 35.6 cm )
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at lower left in graphite: "McCausland at Chambersberg"; larger sheet has two graphite inscriptions
Description: 
McCausland was promoted to brigadier general on May 18, 1864, and served as a cavalry brigade commander in the Valley Campaigns of 1864, under Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early, raiding into Maryland and Pennsylvania. Under Gen. Early's orders, on July 30, 1864, McCausland burned the town of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in retaliation for the destruction of private property by Union Army Maj. Gen. David Hunter in the Shenandoah Valley, including the burning of the Virginia Military Institute. After the failure of Early's campaign, McCausland rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia in the Siege of Petersburg, the Battle of Five Forks, and the Appomattox Campaign. He escaped with his cavalry from Appomattox Court House before Robert E. Lee's surrender, but disbanded his unit soon after. He was paroled in Charleston, West Virginia, on May 22, 1865.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Daniel Parish, Jr.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group