Framed set of buttons (43) excavated at Fort Haldimand

Object Number: 
INV.5940.121-163
Date: 
1770-1802
Medium: 
Pewter, silver, brass, gilt, bone
Dimensions: 
largest: 7/8 in. ( 2.2 cm )
Marks: 
stamped: (138-39), on front: "29" (29th Regiment; silver buttons) stamped: (140), on front: "84" (84th Regiment; Royal Highland Emigrants: Loyalist corps; gilt button, c. 1778) stamped: (141), on front: "LX/2" (60th Regiment, 2nd Battalion; silver); enc
Description: 
Pewter, silver, brass, or gilt buttons or military buttons; two brass military buttons have three cannons enclosed inside a shield border; another brass military button has an anchor; other military buttons have a bone back covered by a thin silver, brass, or gilt face with regiment numbers and symbols on the face: one gilt button has a crown and regiment number in the center, enclosed by a border of two thistles and two roses; three have silver faces coated with brass, with their regiment number inside a wreathed border; one brass button has a crown at the top above a thistle in the center; a silver button has its number inside of a circle in the shape of a belt, with an inscription enclosed inside the belt and a crown atop it; pewter military buttons have their regiment name or emblem on front; eight silver and four gilt buttons have no numbers or decorations; three brass buttons have decorations, but no numbers or symbols: one is engraved with straight and wavy lines, one has a basket pattern, and another has a floral design.
Gallery Label: 
These buttons were excavated by the Field Exploration Committee from refuse deposits at Fort Haldimand, a British fort on Carleton Island in the St. Lawrence River in New York, just below the Canadian border. Built in 1779, the fort commanded passage of the river and was retained by the British until its destruction by American forces in 1812. The thin-faced silver, gilt, and brass military buttons were worn on the coats and vests of British or Loyalist officers stationed at the fort.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group