Fraktur: "Johannes Landis ist fleisiger Schuler...(is a hard-working student ...)", Academic Certificate
Gouache and brown ink on beige paper
Overall: 3 1/2 x 5 7/8 in. ( 8.9 x 14.9 cm )
Inscribed in German at center: "Johannes Landis / ist ein fleißiger Schüler / Geschriben den 7ten November / 1827."
Fraktur: Horizontal rectangular sheet with handwritten German inscription in red ink at center surrounded by rectangular border decorated with pink and brown birds and floral motifs on yellow ground.
The Pennsylvania Germans practiced a manuscript art called Frakturschrift or Zierschrift in German ("fraktur" in museum and collecting terminology). This art form, combining calligraphy with decorative motifs in ink and watercolor, was produced widely in Pennsylvania and in German settlements in other states from the mid-18th to the mid-19th century.
Elie Nadelman, Museum of Folk Arts, Riverdale-on-Hudson, Bronx, New York
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.