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Flour sack fragment

Object Number: 
2012.22
Date: 
ca. 1857
Medium: 
Cotton
Dimensions: 
Overall: 25 3/4 x 32 1/2 in. (65.4 x 82.6 cm)
Marks: 
“48 Lbs. / CLINTON MILLS / EXTRA / FLOUR / FRESH GROUND / AND / Put up expressly / FOR FAMILY USE.” “PHENIX BAG FACTORY, 242 (LATE NO. 3) CANAL STREET, N.Y.”
Description: 
Fragment of a flour sack. Intact imprint in red depicts a crest-like image with text in center: “48 Lbs. / CLINTON MILLS / EXTRA / FLOUR / FRESH GROUND / AND / Put up expressly / FOR FAMILY USE.” Text is surrounded by such foliage as leaves and berries and farm imagery, including a scythe, farmer and barrels. At top right is a train being loaded with sacks of flour. At top left is a depiction of Demeter, Greek goddess of the harvest, with her typical attributes of wheat and a string of flowers. Beneath image text reads: “PHENIX BAG FACTORY, 242 (LATE NO. 3) CANAL STREET, N.Y.”
Gallery Label: 
While the Phenix Bag Factory does not appear in any New York City directory in the 19th century, the address on the sack provides clues as to the year it was produced. “Late No. 3” in the address “242 (LATE NO. 3) CANAL STREET, N.Y.” refers to the factory’s previous address (3 Canal Street) before the street was renumbered. Canal Street was extended in 1855, but it appears that the renumbering did not affect this bagging company (Woodworth Giles & Son) until 1857, when their address was changed in the city directory from 3 to 242 Canal Street.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Connecticut Historical Society
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group