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Dutch Lion dollar

Object Number: 
2017.33.1
Date: 
1662
Medium: 
Coin silver
Dimensions: 
Overall (approx. diam.): 1 5/8 in. (4.1 cm)
Marks: 
Inscriptions: 
Description: 

(Obverse) Ornamented with similar armored knight as that on 1647 coin; circular frame made up of inner solid line with outer row of lozenges. Within lozenge frame is text, “MO · ARG · PRO · CONFOE · BEL· TRA”. (Reverse) Stamped with similar rampant lion; circular border also made up of solid, uninterrupted inner line. Outer frame also inscribed “1662” and Latin phrase, “CONFIDENS · DNO · NON · MOVETVR”. Not uniformly round and appears to have been clipped.

Gallery Label: 

This Dutch coin is known as a leeuwendaalder, or lion dollar. Lion dollars circulated through Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and New World between 1575 and 1713. The coins were minted for export trade, and were lighter and cheaper to produce than other large-denomination coins of the period. In addition, they were made of an alloy containing less silver than other coins: 75% silver and 25% copper alloy. This lesser alloy meant that the coins were less valuable then others in circulation during the period, making them ideal for trade. The extensive use of lion dollars in trade insured their spread across continents. Unsurprisingly, lion dollars were used in Dutch New Amsterdam during the seventeenth century.

Bibliography: 
Credit Line: 
Gift of Anthony Terranova
Provenance: 
Place Made: 
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group