Daniel D. Tompkins (1774-1825)
Oil on canvas
Overall: 90 x 58 in. ( 228.6 x 147.3 cm ) frame: 99 3/4 x 68 x 3 1/2 in. ( 253.4 x 172.7 x 8.9 cm )
Full-length portrait depicting Tompkins in his military uniform as commander of the state militia. In the background is Fort Tompkins, Staten Island, on a promonotory at the right. The background and foreground in this portrait, as in many of those executed in Jarvis's studio around 1820, were probably painted by Henry Inman who was then concluding his apprenticeship under Jarvis. The portrait is similar in type to several that Jarvis, Vanderlyn, Trumbull, Rembrandt Peale, Thomas Sully, and other painted of the heroes of the War of 1812.
A native of Scarsdale, New York, the subject served as governor of the state from 1807 to 1817. He also served as a justice of the New York State Supreme Court, and was vice-president for two terms under James Monroe. In this painting he appears in his military uniform as commander of the state militia.
Catalogue of the Gallery of Art of The New York Historical Society, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1862, p. 5. Catalogue of the Gallery of Art of The New York Historical Society, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1866, p. 17. Tuckerman, Henry T., Book of Artists, New York: P. Putnam & Son, 1867, pp. 57, 621. Catalogue of the Gallery of Art of The New York Historical Society, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1915, p. 13. Kelby, William, Notes on American Artists 1754-1820: Copied from advertisements appearing in the newspapers of the day, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1922, p. 69. Harrington, John Walker, "John Wesley Jarvis, Portraitist," The American Magazine of Art, Vol. 18, no. 11, November 1927, pp. 577-84. Bolton, Theodore, and Groce, George C., Jr., "John Wesley Jarvis: An Account of His Life and the First Catalogue of His Work, Art Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 4, Autumn 1938, pp. 299-321. "Jarvis Centennial Exhibition List," New York; The New-York Historical Society, 1940, p. 1. Dickson, H.E., "John Wesley Jarvis: Knickerbocker Painter, The New-York Historical Society Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 24, No. 2, April 1940, pp. 60-2. Devree, Howard, "Centennial Show of Jarvis Art Held," New York Times, April 17, 1940, p. 29. Ormsbee, Thomas Hamilton, John Wesley Jarvis, Artist of the Knickerbocker Years," American Collector, Vol. 9, no. 4, May 1940, pp. 8-9. Catalogue of American Portraits in The New-York Historical Society: Oil Portraits, Miniatures, Sculptures, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1941, pp. 308-9. Dickson, Harold E., John Wesley Jarvis: American Painter, 1780-1840, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1949, pp. 116, 232, 248, 270, 332, 366. Roper, Donald M., "Justice Smith Thompson," The New-York Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. 51, no. 2, April 1967, pp. 119-40. Catalogue of American Portraits in The New-York Historical Society, Vol. 1, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1974, pp. 602-3. Gerdts, William H., "Henry Inman: Genre Painter," American Art Journal, Vol. 9, no. 1, May 1977, pp. 26-48. Ellis, David Maldwyn, New York: The Empire State, New York: Prentice-Hall, 1979, p. 14. Quick, Michael, et al., American Portraiture in the Grand Manner: 1720-1920, Exh. Cat., Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1981, p. 40. Barber, James G., Andrew Jackson: A Portrait Study, Washington, D.C.: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, 1991, p. 79. Ammon, Harry, James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity, New York: McGraw Hill Book Company, 1971, p. 348. Shepherd, Barnett, "Daniel D. Tompkins and His Portraits," Staten Island Historian, Vol. 8, no. 2, Winter-Spring 1991, pp. 8-10. Cornog, Evan, The Birth of Empire: DeWitt Clinton and the American Experience, 1769-1828, New York: Oxford University Press, 1998, n.p. Driscoll, John, "John Wesley Jarvis", Grove Art Online / Oxford Art Online, 2007, oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T044460 Zygmont, Bryan J., Portraiture and Politics in New York City, 1790-1825, Ph.D. Diss., University of Maryland, College Park, 2006, pp. 210-11.
Gift of Thomas E. Davis
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.