Crossing the Antietam River, Virginia and Charging the Rebel Batteries

Object Number: 
1945.580.40
Date: 
16 September 1862
Medium: 
Graphite on ivory paper
Dimensions: 
Overall: 7 x 9 15/16 in. (17.8 x 25.2 cm) mat: 11 x 14 in. ( 27.9 x 35.6 cm )
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at lower center in graphite: "Crossing the great Antietam / & charging the rebel batteries"; various other annotations
Description: 
Civil War Drawings Collection. On 16 September 1862, McClellan confronted Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Sharpsburg, Maryland. At dawn September 17, Hooker's corps mounted a powerful assault on Lee's left. Attacks and counterattacks swept across Miller's cornfield and fighting swirled around the Dunker Church. Union assaults against the Sunken Road eventually pierced the Confederate center, but the Federal advantage was not followed up. Late in the day, Burnside's corps finally got into action, crossing the stone bridge over Antietam Creek. At a crucial moment, A.P. Hill's division arrived from Harpers Ferry and counterattacked, driving back the Federal forces. Although outnumbered two-to-one, Lee committed his entire force, while McClellan sent in less than three-quarters of his army, enabling Lee to fight the Federals to a standstill. In spite of crippling casualties, Lee continued to skirmish with McClellan throughout the 18th. McClellan did not renew the assaults, allowing Lee to withdraw the battered Army of Northern Virginia across the Potomac into the Shenandoah Valley.
Credit Line: 
James B. Wilbur Fund
Provenance: 
John T. Kavanaugh Collection, Rutherford, New Jersey, 1945
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group