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Confederate Navy Jack, or "Southern Cross"

Object Number: 
INV.12291
Date: 
1861-1865
Medium: 
Cotton
Dimensions: 
Overall: 24 1/2 x 32 1/2 in. ( 62.2 x 82.6 cm )
Description: 
Red cotton Confederate Navy Jack, or "Southern Cross," with a blue St. Andrew's cross (diagonal cross) with thirteen white stars.
Gallery Label: 
The Confederate Navy Jack, better known as the Southern Cross or the Rebel flag, is a version created after confusion at the battle of Bull Run, VA, where both the troops of the Union and the Confederacy carried versions of the Stars and Stripes. The square battle flag became very popular with the troops of the Confederacy, but it was never officially adopted. The rectangular Navy Jack was flown on Confederate ships from 1863 to 1865. Today, the design is the most universally recognized symbol of the South, where it is commonly called the "rebel" or "Dixie" flag.
Bibliography: 
Holzer, Harold and The New-York Historical Society. "The Civil War in 50 Objects." New York: Viking, 2013.
Credit Line: 
Charles M. Lefferts Collection
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group