Civil War tokens (2)

Object Number: 
INV.13703A-C
Date: 
1863
Medium: 
Copper
Dimensions: 
Overall: 3/4 in. ( 1.9 cm )
Description: 
Tokens; copper; bust of George Washington, with crossed flags behind, on obverse; obverse "UNITED WE STAND / 1863" reverse "BROAS BROTHERS / OUR / COUNTRY / PIE BAKERS"
Gallery Label: 
James J. Broas is listed in the 1863 New York City directory as a pie baker. During the Civil War, there were no metallic coins of any denomination in circulation. Tradesmen were thus forced to issue a medium that would save commerce. Many of these tokens depicted patriotic subjects. The irresponsible nature of these tokens forced Congress to pass an act in 1864, forbidding private individuals to issue any form of money.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group