Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus), Havell plate no. 78

Object Number: 
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, charcoal, gouache, and black ink with selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 18 13/16 x 11 3/4 in. (47.8 x 29.8 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscribed at lower left in graphite: "Æsculus Pavia"; below in brown ink: "No 16. Plate 78 / J.J. Audubon"; at lower right in graphite[erased]: "March [?] 1822"; below in brown ink: "Great Carolina Wren. Male1. F.2 / Troglodytes ludovicianus / Plant Vulgo. Dwarf horse chesnut. / Æsculus Pavia"; birds numbered upper and lower respectively: "1"; "2.-- "; faint erased inscriptions in graphite
Male, above; female, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified asScarlet buckeye (Aesculus pavia)
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group