Boat-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus major), Havell plate no. 187

Object Number: 
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, black ink, and gouache with scratching out and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 29 3/8 x 21 3/16 in. (74.6 x 53.8 cm) Mat: 41 x 31 in. (104.1 x 78.7 cm)
Watermark: JWHATMAN / 1830
Female, above; male, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Live oak (Quercus virginiana) with Spanish moss; this was the 3rd time Audubon drew this bird, the 1st was on MS River 1/1821, the 2nd time was made for and published by Charles Lucien Bonaparte in plate four of his "Continuation of Wilson's American Ornithology,"
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group