Bay-breasted Warbler (Dendroica castanea), Havell plate no. 88

Object Number: 
Watercolor and graphite with touches of black ink, black pastel, gouache, and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 18 7/8 x 11 1/2 in. (47.9 x 29.2 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Watermark: JWHATMAN / TURKEY MILLS / 18[?]
Inscribed at lower left in brown ink: "No 18. Plate 88. / Betula P[capital crossed out to indicate lower case]apyrifera. / Vulgo Canoe Birch / Autumnal Warbler. / Sylvia autumnalis / Great Pine Swamp August 20th-- / J.J.A"; at lower right of center: "Male 1. F.2"; lower and upper birds numbered respectively: "1"; "2"; at lower left in graphite[erased]: "Plant Vulgo... / ..."; above: "Betula p... / vulgo Yellow[?]... / J.J.A"
Immature female, above and immature male, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Canoe birch (Betula papyrifera)
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group