American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla), Havell plate no. 40

Object Number: 
Watercolor, graphite, black ink, pastel, black chalk, and gouache with touches of glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 18 15/16 x 11 11/16 in. (48.1 x 29.7 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscribed at lower left in brown and black ink over graphite[erased]: "No 8. Plate 40. / Drawn from Nature by John. J. Audubon / Louisianna August 13th 1821"; at lower center: "American Redstart Male 1. F. 2 / Muscicapa ruticilla / Plant Vulgo Scrub-Elm. / Ostrya Virginica"; birds numbered lower and upper respectively: "1"; "2"
Female, above; male, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Eastern Hop Hornbeam or Ironwood (Ostrya virginiaca). The female redstart may have been a later addition to the painting.
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group