Overall: 4 3/16 x 2 1/2 in. (10.7 x 6.4 cm)
Front text: COMPLIMENTS OF / NATIONAL METER CO. / NEW YORK / CHICAGO, BOSTON.
Advertising datebook with celluloid front and back covers for the year 1901. Front cover text reads: COMPLIMENTS OF / NATIONAL METER CO. / NEW YORK, / CHICAGO, BOSTON. Back cover decorated with flowers in art nouveau style. Notepad includes several pages with useful information: Calendar for 1901 / Six Per Cent Interest Table / Official Population of the United States. / Official Population of the largest cities in the United States. / Rates of Postage. / Explanation of Flag Signals. / Presidents of the United States. / Cuba, Porto Rico, The Hawaiian (or Sandwich) Islands / Documentary Stamp Taxes In Effect July 1, 1898 / Proprietary Stamp Taxes In Effect July 1, 1898 / Help In Case of Accidents. / Special Poisons and Antidotes / Calendar for 1902.
Celluloid, the first entirely synthetic plastic, was invented by John Wesley Hyatt (1837-1920) of Albany in 1869. It is created from nitrocellulose and camphor along with dyes and other agents. Hyatt first developed the material as a less expensive alternative to ivory in the production of billiard balls. Hyatt's invention was patented in 1869 and subsequently used for a wide range of objects, both in imitation of expensive animal products like ivory, horn, and tortoiseshell, and also as an inexpensive medium for objects such as dresser sets, jewelry, picture frames, and advertising giveaways. Celluloid, which is both flammable and fragile, was gradually supplanted by the stronger Bakelite in the 1920s. Celluloid continues to be used today for making Ping Pong balls and guitar picks.
Gift of Dadie and Norman Perlov and Daughters
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.