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Pierre Simon LaPlace (1749-1827)

Classification: 
Date: 
Mid-19th century
Medium: 
Painted plaster
Dimensions: 
Overall: 13 x 6 1/2 x 8 3/4 in. ( 33 x 16.5 x 22.2 cm )
Description: 
Death mask.
Credit Line: 
Purchase, General Fund
Object Number: 
1946.355
Marks: 
paper label: on back: "LaPlace head 11-82, crayon La Place" paper label: on front: "PIERRE SIMCA LAPLACE French Astronomer"
Gallery Label: 
This cast was part of the Phrenological Museum of Fowler & Wells, which opened in New York City in 1842. Brothers Orson Squire Fowler (1809-1887) and Lorenzo Niles Fowler (1811-1896) and their business associate Samuel Roberts Wells (1820-1875) were noted phrenologists who read heads to understand the subject's "temperament." Their Phrenological Cabinet displaying casts, skulls, and charts became a popular fixture in the city.
Provenance: 
The Fowler Mask Collection
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
0
eMuseum Object ID: 
286
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

William Francis Gibbs (1886-1967)

Classification: 
Date: 
1955
Medium: 
Dark yellow-ochre painted plaster
Dimensions: 
Overall: 22 x 15 1/2 x 12 in. ( 55.9 x 39.4 x 30.5 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust
Credit Line: 
Gift of the Estate of Miss Malvina Hoffman, through Barbara M. Hoffman
Object Number: 
1984.85
Marks: 
label: orange label removed to file: "#10"
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1955
eMuseum Object ID: 
244
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919)

Classification: 
Date: 
1904
Medium: 
Light brown patinated bronze with black marble base
Dimensions: 
Overall: 11 1/2 x 9 1/2 x 8 1/2 in. ( 29.2 x 24.1 x 21.6 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mrs. M. G. Bloom
Object Number: 
1971.100
Marks: 
signed: under proper left arm: "FRASER C [copyright circle]"
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1904
eMuseum Object ID: 
243
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Joseph Keppler, Sr. (1838-1894)

Classification: 
Date: 
1894
Medium: 
Plaster with iron parts
Dimensions: 
Overall: 3 1/4 x 7 1/2 x 3 5/8 in. ( 8.3 x 19 x 9.2 cm )
Description: 
Cast right hand
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mrs. Joseph Keppler, Jr.
Object Number: 
1958.20b
Marks: 
inscribed: at end of wrist: "1894"
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1894
eMuseum Object ID: 
241
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)

Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1865
Medium: 
Plaster, wood, tin, grass, silver leaf, and velvet
Dimensions: 
Overall: 23 x 20 x 3 1/2 in. ( 58.4 x 50.8 x 8.9 cm )
Description: 
Bas-relief portrait.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mr. Samuel V. Hoffman
Object Number: 
1924.128
Marks: 
trade label: on back: "Huntington, Loretz & Co. NY" trade label: on back: "Wydman and Co NY" [additional info not listed]
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1865
eMuseum Object ID: 
240
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)

Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1865
Medium: 
White bisque ceramic
Dimensions: 
Overall: 23 3/4 x 10 1/2 x 8 1/4 in. ( 60.3 x 26.7 x 21 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mr. Samuel V. Hoffman
Object Number: 
1926.48
Marks: 
inscribed: on front of column: "ABRAHAM LINCOLN PRESIDENT U. S. A. OCT. 1865"
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1865
eMuseum Object ID: 
239
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Country Post Office: News From The Army

Classification: 
Date: 
1863
Medium: 
Bronze
Dimensions: 
Overall: 20 x 14 x 10 1/2 in. ( 50.8 x 35.6 x 26.7 cm )
Description: 
Genre figure: Bronze sculptural group featuring "an old cobbler who is postmaster also, [and] has just opened the mail-bag from the army. He is taking a provokingly long time to study out the address of a letter which the young lady at his side recognizes at once as for her"(Bleier 65). Patent # 1934: April 19, 1864
Credit Line: 
Purchase
Object Number: 
1936.644
Marks: 
signed: front top of base: "JOHN ROGERS/NEW YORK" inscribed: front of base: "COUNTRY POST OFFICE/NEWS FROM THE ARMY" inscribed: back of base: "PATENTED APRIL 19 1864"
Gallery Label: 
This bronze served as the master model for the plasters that Rogers sold to a broad audience of middle-class Americans. Rogers' famed Civil War groups often took a lighthearted view of the realities of war, offering comfort in reminders of everyday pleasures, humor, and camaraderie. The artist himself described Country Post Office: News from the Army as follows: "An old shoemaker, who is postmaster also, has just opened the mailbag from the army. He is taking a provokingly long time to study out the address of a letter which a young lady by his side recognizes at once as for her." The cobbler peers through his glasses with furrowed brow and pursed lips; contemporary critics could not agree if he was having difficulty reading the address or if he might be teasing the young lady reaching eagerly for the letter; one critic discerned a "waggish look on his face." Rogers took delight in setting the scene with the many objects on the cobbler's untidy bench and the floor below, where tools, shoes, and letters mingle in comical profusion. Rogers' sculpture was an attempt to ameliorate very real anxieties that civilians felt for their loved ones in combat. In a period when letters were the only way of knowing that a soldier was alive and well, such news was precious and awaited with great anticipation. One critic noticed that Rogers did not specify whether the girl impatient for her letter was a lover, sister, or wife of a soldier. In this way he allowed the viewer to interpret the subject in terms of his or her own situation and perhaps draw some reassurance from the quotidian humor of the scene. Viewers understood and appreciated Rogers' attempts to allay their fears, but they were also aware of the larger concerns that his groups embraced: the Boston Daily Evening Transcript called this and his other Civil War sculptures "symbols packed with far reaching and penetrating suggestions of wide spread trials and joys."
Bibliography: 
Articles, Scrapbooks of miscellaneous clippings, etc. about John Rogers, Vols. 1, 3, 4, New York Historical Society. The Evening Post, New York, June 2, 1863, p. 2. Daily Evening Transcript, Boston, Dec. 5, 1863, Supl. P. 2. "Sketches of American Artists: Church, Bierstadt, Kensett, Gifford, Inness, Rogers, Story and Ward", The Evening Post, New York, June 25, 1864, p.1. Daily Evening Transcript, Boston, April 28, 1865, p. 2. Daily Evening Transcript, Boston, July 14, 1865, n.p. "Art in Boston," The Art Journal, April 1, 1868, n.p. Wells, Samuel R., ed., "John Rogers, the Sculptor", American Phrenological Journal and Life Illustrated, Vol. 49, no. 9, September 1869, pp. 329-30. Tuckerman, Henry T., Book of the Artists, American Artist Life, Comprising Biographical and Critical Sketches of American Artists: Preceded by an Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of Art in America, New York: P. Putnam & Son, 1867, pp. 595-7. Barck, Dorothy, "Rogers Group in the Museum of the New-York Historical Society", New-York Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. XVI, No. 3, October, 1932, p. 78. Smith, Mrs. and Mrs. Chetwood, Rogers Groups: Thought and Wrought by John Rogers, Boston: Charles E. Goodspeed & Co., 1934, pp.68-9. Wallace, David H., John Rogers, The People's Sculptor, Middleton, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1967, pp. 100, 148, 209-10, 295, 299, 304. Wallace, David H., "The Art of John Rogers: So Real and So True", American Art Journal, November, 1972, pp. 59-70. Holzer, Harold, and Farber, Joseph, "The Sculpture of John Rogers," Antiques Magazine, April 1979, pp. 756-68. Bleier, Paul and Meta, John Rogers Statuary, Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2001, pp. 84-5. Clapper, Michael, "Reconstructing a Family: John Rogers's Taking the Oath and Drawing Rations," Winterthur Portfolio, Vol. 39, No. 4, Winter 2004, pp. 259-78.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1863
eMuseum Object ID: 
238
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

John Jay (1745-1829)

Classification: 
Date: 
circa 1792
Medium: 
Painted plaster with vegetable matter (straw)
Dimensions: 
Overall: 27 x 20 x 12 in. ( 68.6 x 50.8 x 30.5 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mr. Lewis M. Rutherford
Object Number: 
1884.9
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1792
eMuseum Object ID: 
234
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

INV.714

Classification: 
Medium: 
Plaster
Dimensions: 
Overall: 7 x 15 x 16 in. ( 17.8 x 38.1 x 40.6 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mr. Samuel V. Hoffman
Object Number: 
INV.714
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
0
eMuseum Object ID: 
233
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821)

Classification: 
Date: 
Mid-19th century
Medium: 
Gilded metal, copper, glass, palisandre wood, and purple velvet
Dimensions: 
Overall: 3 3/4 x 2 1/4 x 14 in. ( 9.5 x 5.7 x 35.6 cm )
Description: 
Bas-relief portrait with classical styling.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Miss Lena Cadwalader Evans
Object Number: 
1936.606
Marks: 
inscribed: on back of frame in ink and pencil (written twice): "Napoleon"
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
0
eMuseum Object ID: 
232
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

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Creative: Tronvig Group