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Martin Van Buren (1782-1862)

Classification: 
Date: 
1862
Medium: 
White marble
Dimensions: 
Overall: 25 x 20 1/2 x 13 in. ( 63.5 x 52.1 x 33 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mrs. Richard Lewis Morris, through her sister, Mrs. F. L. Pell
Object Number: 
1942.465
Marks: 
inscriptions: back of base: "H Powers/Sculpt"
Gallery Label: 
The eighth president of the United States was born at Kinderhook, New York, the son of Abraham and Maria (Hoes) Van Buren. After studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1803 and began his practice at Kinderhook. From 1816 to 1819, he was attorney general of New York, becoming an influential figure in state politics. Van Buren was elected U.S. senator in 1821 and eight years later became governor of the state, but resigned before his term had expired to become U.S. secretary of state in 1829 under President Andrew Jackson. In 1832, he was elected vice-president as Jackson's running mate, and four years later was elected to the presidency, an office he held from 1837 to 1841. He was defeated for re-election by William Henry Harrison, and although still a powerful figure in the Democratic party, he was never again a successful candidate for public office. From 1853 to 1855 he lived in Europe, and upon his return he retired to Kinderhook. Hiram Powers began his career as a sculptor about 1829 in Cincinnati. He spent the years 1835 to 1837 in Washington, D.C. While there he modeled the likenesses of many eminent men including Van Buren, who was then vice-president of the United States. Nineteenth-century art critic Henry Tuckerman praised the bust's "individuality and exquisite finish." When Powers sailed for Florence, Italy in the fall of 1837, he took plaster busts of these men and several others with him. In the years that followed, a number of plaster and marble replicas of each issued from his studio; the marble copies were often carved by the Italian stonecutters who worked there. This marble descended through Van Buren's family before it was given to the N-YHS. Other marble versions of this sculpture are at the Martin Van Buren National Historic Site and in the collection of the White House. The White House collection also holds Henry Inman's portrait of Angelica (Singleton) Van Buren, the president's daughter-in-law, who acted as hostess for the widowed Van Buren. In it, Powers's marble bust of Van Buren is prominently represented beside Angelica.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1862
eMuseum Object ID: 
43651
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Daniel Webster (1782-1852)

Classification: 
Date: 
1838
Medium: 
Off-white painted and overpainted plaster
Dimensions: 
Overall: 28 1/2 x 20 x 12 in. ( 72.4 x 50.8 x 30.5 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust
Object Number: 
X.56
Marks: 
brass plate: front of socle: "DANIEL WEBSTER/SHOBAL V. CLEVENGER"
Gallery Label: 
Clevenger worked in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Washington, taking the likenesses of the most eminent men of the day, and gaining a reputation as the most competent sculptor then working in America. This bust of Webster was one of several portraits Clevenger sent to the first sculpture exhibition of the Boston Athenaeum in 1839. Several replicas seem to have been produced in the next few years, one of which came to the Society, probably in the mid-19th century.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1838
eMuseum Object ID: 
43625
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Samuel Blachley Webb (1753-1807)

Classification: 
Date: 
1793
Medium: 
Plain wax on black background in gilded frame
Dimensions: 
Overall: 6 7/8 x 6 3/8 x 1 3/4 in. ( 17.5 x 16.2 x 4.4 cm )
Description: 
Bas-relief portrait.
Credit Line: 
Purchase, The Louis Durr Fund
Object Number: 
1945.69
Marks: 
inscribed: on piece of paper on back: "B. Webb was ... of capt. Chester Co/hartford Ct also/Aide of gen Isreal/Putnam 1775..Portrait of Samuel/Webb given Joseph...Moulthorp wax maker/1764-1814 Easthaven Conn" inscribed: beneath paper backing on pine: "
Gallery Label: 
Webb was born in Wethersfield, Connecticut, a descendant of Richard Webb of Gloucestershire, England, who settled in Boston in 1632 and moved to Hartford, Connecticut, in 1635. He fought in the Revolutionary War, rising to the rank of brigadier general. He was one of the original thirteen officers who met at the Verplanck House in Fishkill, New York, in 1783 to form the Society of the Cincinnati, and when Washington was inaugurated president, Samuel Webb was the grand marshal of the proceedings.
Provenance: 
The Collection of Mrs. J. Armory Haskell
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1793
eMuseum Object ID: 
43582
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

John Watts (1749-1836)

Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1835-1845
Medium: 
Painted plaster
Dimensions: 
Overall: 27 x 14 1/2 x 11 1/4 in. ( 68.6 x 36.8 x 28.6 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust.
Credit Line: 
Gift of the sitter's grandson, Mr. J. Watts De Peyster
Object Number: 
1863.13
Marks: 
inscribed: under PL shoulder in pencil: "62" painted: under base in red: "S-62" [old N-YHS #] inscribed: under base in pencil [scribbled out]: "39" inscribed: at PR shoulder: "...ATT" [illegible]
Gallery Label: 
This bust is based on an original of ca. 1830 by Robert Ball Hughes. The original bust was in the collection of New York City Hall until 1945 when a vandal destroyed it. A bronze copy, cast in Paris by Gruet about 1900 to 1906, is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1845
eMuseum Object ID: 
43538
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

George Washington (1732-1799)

Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1817
Medium: 
Cream painted and overpainted plaster
Dimensions: 
Overall: 28 1/2 x 19 1/4 x 13 1/2 in. ( 72.4 x 48.9 x 34.3 cm )
Description: 
Genre figure.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mr. Henry C. Roberts
Object Number: 
1941.1117
Marks: 
inscribed: back of proper left shoulder: "Shaw & Co" (?)
Gallery Label: 
William Rush exhibited his portrait bust of Washington at the annual show of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1817. The Society's replica was taken from that terracotta original which is now owned by the Valley Forge Museum of American History. It is not known whether the Society's replica was produced by Rush himself.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1817
eMuseum Object ID: 
43498
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

George Washington (1732-1799)

Classification: 
Date: 
1876
Medium: 
Ochre painted and overpainted plaster/clay
Dimensions: 
Overall: 35 1/4 x 21 1/2 x 18 1/2 in. ( 89.5 x 54.6 x 47 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust.
Credit Line: 
Gift of the New York Caledonian Club
Object Number: 
1934.47
Marks: 
inscribed: back of bust: "C 1876/ WILSON MACDONALD. BUST OF/ WASHINGTON/COPIED FROM THE ORIGINAL/HOUDON CAST 1785./AND STUART'S PORTRAIT R6 1975 W. M."
Gallery Label: 
MacDonald maintained his studio in New York and specialized in sculpted portrait busts. His portrait of Washington was based on a bust of Jean Antoine Houdon and a painting by Gilbert Stuart, probably the two most popular images of the first president. MacDonald is known to have owned a copy of the cast that Clark Mills made of the original 1785 bust by Houdon (now at Mount Vernon).
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1876
eMuseum Object ID: 
43457
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

George Washington (1732-1799)

Classification: 
Date: 
Early 19th century
Medium: 
Ceramic painted plaster
Dimensions: 
Overall: 21 1/2 x 12 x 9 1/2 in. ( 54.6 x 30.5 x 24.1 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust.
Credit Line: 
Purchase
Object Number: 
1937.316
Marks: 
inscriptions: on right shoulder [faint]: "Houdon f. 1778" inscriptions: proper left shoulder: [illegible]
Gallery Label: 
This bust follows the "Louvre type" of Houdon "Washington," with the subject wearing a pleated shirt with a round collar, a diagonal strap across the chest, and a piece of drapery across the left shoulder in the manner of a Roman senator. The original in the Louvre is believed to have been made in 1786, or very soon after Houdon returned to France from the United States.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
0
eMuseum Object ID: 
43452
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

George Washington (1732-1799)

Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1785-1828
Medium: 
Painted plaster
Dimensions: 
Overall: 12 x 24 x 17 1/2 in., 25 lb. (30.5 x 61 x 44.5 cm, 11.3 kg)
Description: 
Portrait bust.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Dr. David Hosack
Object Number: 
1832.4
Gallery Label: 
Of the four main types of Houdon portrait busts of Washington set forth by Gustavus Eisen ("Portraits of Washington," 3, 1932, p. 757), this is the "with drapery in toga style" type. It was obtained by Dr. Hosack from the sale of the effects of the studio after Houdon's death in 1828. The face was not modeled from life but from the life mask that Houdon made at Mount Vernon in the fall of 1785. The mask is now in the Morgan Library, New York.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1828
eMuseum Object ID: 
43451
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

George Washington (1732-1799)

Classification: 
Date: 
ca. 1850
Medium: 
White marble
Dimensions: 
Overall: 31 x 23 x 11 in. ( 78.7 x 58.4 x 27.9 cm )
Description: 
Portrait bust.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mr. George A. Zabriskie
Object Number: 
1938.399
Marks: 
inscriptions: Inscribed on base: "WASHINGTON"
Gallery Label: 
In his book on the sculptor, Robert Gale lists three marble versions of Crawford's bust of Washington: one is owned by the New York Public Library, another by Dr. Ernest Harms of New York City, and the third by The New-York Historical Society. The original seems to have been executed ca. 1850, using as a model the Houdon bust which was taken from life. Crawford was one of many sculptors who made their own portraits of Washington based on Houdon's image. Thomas Crawford probably modeled this bust after one made by Jean Antoine Houdon (1741-1828), which was based off of Washington's life mask. Like Houdon, Crawford depicted Washington draped in the toga of a Roman statesman.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1850
eMuseum Object ID: 
43405
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Unidentified man

Classification: 
Date: 
Mid-19th century
Medium: 
Painted and overpainted plaster with gilded mahogany frame
Dimensions: 
Overall: 23 1/4 x 20 1/2 x 3 3/8 in. ( 59.1 x 52.1 x 8.6 cm )
Description: 
Bas-relief portrait
Object Number: 
X.38
Marks: 
signed: on base of neck: "E J Kuntz/1896" stamped: on base of neck: "LBE"
Gallery Label: 
It has been suggested that this bas-relief portrait represents Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, but the likeness is not convincing.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
0
eMuseum Object ID: 
43357
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

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