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Blackout bulb

Is owned by NYHS: 
Yes
Object name: 
Date: 
1942-1945
Medium: 
Glass, metal, silicate paint
Dimensions: 
Overall: 4 × 2 in. (10.2 × 5.1 cm)
Place Made: 
Description: 
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mike Thornton
Object Number: 
2017.30
Marks: 
“WABASH / BLACKOUT UNIT / For Blackout Lighting / MFD BY / WABASH APPLIANCE CORP BROOKLYN, N. Y.”
Inscriptions: 
Gallery Label: 

Patented by Kenneth P. Swanson (1909–1987) of Long Island, the Wabash Appliance Company’s blackout bulbs were common household items during World War II.
Enforced nightly blackouts theoretically defended against aerial bombing. Eliminating all ground-based electrical light denied enemy aircraft a clear target area and concealed landmarks useful for navigation. The practice also protected ships from submarine attack that might otherwise have been silhouetted as a target against the bright glow of distant city lights.

Coated with opaque paint, the bulb’s shaped base concentrated the filament’s brightness downward greatly reducing the surface area illuminated by lamps and other household light fixtures. When used in conjunction with blackout curtains, civilians could go about their daily lives during blackouts.

Provenance: 
Bibliography: 
Prior Exhibitions: 
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1945
eMuseum Object ID: 
77547
Exclude from TMS update: 
3
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Printing plate in envelope

Date: 
1867-1893
Medium: 
Brass, paper
Dimensions: 
Overall: 2 5/8 x 4 5/8 x 1/8 in. ( 6.7 x 11.7 x 0.3 cm )
Description: 
Rectangular brass printing plate for calling card belonging to Colonel Matthew R. Kintzing; in maker's paper envelope.
Credit Line: 
Bequest of Miss Mary E. Kintzing, 1956
Object Number: 
Z.3034ab
Marks: 
engraved (in reverse): on obverse of plate: "Colonel M. R. Kintzing / U.S. Marine Corps" printed: on obverse of envelope: "Frederick Loeser & Co. / Brooklyn, N. Y. / WEDDING, / RECEPTION & / VISITING CARDS. / FRENCH & ENGLISH NOVELTIES / in / Stationery,
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1893
eMuseum Object ID: 
39059
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

2 Civil War shoulder straps in env.: A.H. Gallatin, Asst. Surgeon...

Medium: 
textile, paper, metal
Dimensions: 
Overall: 1 x 7 x 4 in. ( 2.5 x 17.8 x 10.2 cm )
Object Number: 
INV.10812
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
0
eMuseum Object ID: 
6524
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Emergency signaling mirror

Date: 
1943-1945
Medium: 
Glass, enamel
Dimensions: 
Overall: 4 x 5 in. (10.2 x 12.7 cm)
Description: 
Rectangular tempered glass mirror with black enamel surface covering part of reverse; orange lettering with instructions for use; pierced in one corner with hole for braided cotton neck cord.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Ivan C. and Marilynn Gelfman Karp
Object Number: 
2011.30.2
Gallery Label: 
This type of emergency signaling mirror, known as the ESM/1, was used in the United States armed services during World War II. The Army Air Force adopted this model in September 1943. By mid-1944, the ESM/1 mirror was added to many existing and newly developed emergency and life raft kits.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1945
eMuseum Object ID: 
68150
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Badge: 100% duty 1 year

Date: 
1900-1948
Medium: 
Metal, silk ribbon
Dimensions: 
Overall: 3 5/8 x 1 1/2 in. ( 9.2 x 3.8 cm )
Description: 
Metal and red, white and blue ribbon badge; top rectangular plate inscribed "100% DUTY" with hanging metal plate "1 YEAR" below; shield-shaped medal hangs from ribbon inscribed at center circle with "BAPTIZED BY FIRE/ 14"; circle surmounts four partial triangles with letters "N/ Y/ N/ G" inscribed around circle. Axe and laurel leaf imagery at top sides and bottom center of shield.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Brig. Gen. William Mullins
Object Number: 
1948.43b
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1948
eMuseum Object ID: 
56817
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Sash

Date: 
1910-1920
Medium: 
Synthetic textile
Dimensions: 
each overall: 52 1/2 x 4 in.
Description: 
Yellow and white striped synthetic textile sashes printed, "VOTES FOR WOMEN" in black ink on the back and front.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mrs. Dana Converse Backus, 1955
Object Number: 
INV.7421.8
Gallery Label: 
The Woman Suffrage Party was organized by Carrie Chapman Catt in 1909 out of many small suffrage societies. It put the state legislature under intense pressure in 1913 forcing a referendum on votes for women in New York State. In 1915, a second vote was forced by more campaigning, helping women gain the vote in New York state. With the momentum started in New York and the added votes from women in the state, New York carried the country and the 19th Amendment was passed in 1920. This sash belonged to New York suffragist Harriet Burton Laidlaw (1873-1949), who was chairman of the Woman Suffrage Party for the borough of Manhattan from about 1909 to 1916.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1920
eMuseum Object ID: 
54965
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Dog tags

Date: 
1947
Medium: 
metal
Dimensions: 
Overall: 1 x 2 in. ( 2.5 x 5.1 cm )
Description: 
Metal dog tags; engraved "TAUSS, CHARLES/42248531/T45/A/P".
Credit Line: 
Gift of the Estate of Charles Tauss
Object Number: 
2001.120
Gallery Label: 
Charles Tauss (1927-2000) served as a corporal in the Air Force from 1945 to 1947 during the occupation in France and Germany. These dog tags were donated to the Society by his estate.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1947
eMuseum Object ID: 
44860
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Knife and sheath

Date: 
1800-1900
Medium: 
Metal, leather, wood
Dimensions: 
Part (knife): 4 3/4 x 7/8 x 1/2 in. (12.1 x 2.2 x 1.3 cm) Part (sheath): 6 1/8 x 1 3/4 x 1/8 in. (15.6 x 4.4 x 0.3 cm)
Description: 
Knife with a curved metal blade and a wooden handle; brown leather sheath with one pointed end and red leather trim.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mrs. Theodore Beach
Object Number: 
1940.989ab
Gallery Label: 
This knife and sheath were found during an archeological excavation at the site of the present Holland House, 276 Fifth Avenue at 30th Street.
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1900
eMuseum Object ID: 
43955
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Envelopes

Date: 
1941-1955
Medium: 
Paper, plastic
Dimensions: 
largest: 4 x 15 1/4 x 1/8 in. ( 10.2 x 38.7 x 0.3 cm )
Description: 
Folding envelope in three sections; front painted with two red half-circles inside white triangle, which is surrounded by blue circle and white lettering.
Object Number: 
INV.4282a-e
Marks: 
painted: a: "COMMUNICATIONS/NEW YORK" painted: b: "A.W.S. RESCUE/NEW YORK" painted: c: "AIR WARDEN/NEW YORK" painted: d: "TAXI CORPS/NEW YORK" painted: e: "MESSENGER/NEW YORK"
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1955
eMuseum Object ID: 
43024
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

Strap

Date: 
1850-1900
Medium: 
Leather, iron, brass
Dimensions: 
Overall: 1 x 14 1/2 x 3/8 in. ( 2.5 x 36.8 x 1 cm )
Description: 
Leather strap with iron ring at each end; another strap fragment attached to each ring.
Object Number: 
INV.7501
Date Begin: 
0
Date End: 
1900
eMuseum Object ID: 
43004
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.

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Creative: Tronvig Group