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Major support for Women and the American Story provided by



Robert and Mercedes Eichholz Foundation



Curriculum website and learning experience made possible through a grant from



This program is supported as part of the Dutch Culture USA program by the Consulate General of the Netherlands in New York.



Lead support for New-York Historical's teacher programs provided by




Gilbert Stuart, Dolley Madison, 1804. Oil on canvas. White House Historical Association / White House Collection, Gift of the Walter H. and Phyllis J. Shorenstein Foundation in memory of Phyllis J. Shorenstein, 1994, 994.1737.1.

Resource 3: Lessons Learned

Margaret Bayard Smith, a close friend of Dolley Madison’s and a well-known published writer, describes how Dolley’s social events drew large, diverse crowds and her significant skills smoothed political animosities during the years when James was secretary of state and a candidate for the presidency.

Creative: Tronvig Group