Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii), Havell plate no. 45; sketch of a bird beak
Watercolor and graphite with touches of pastel, black ink, and gouache and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Paper: 18 9/16 x 11 3/4 in. (47.1 x 29.8 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscribed at lower left in brown ink: "No 9. Plate 45. -- / Fort of Arkansa / April 17th 1822. John. J. Audubon"; at lower right in graphite: "Traill's Flycatcher -- / Muscicapa Traillii / [line erased and scraped out]"; below in brown ink: "Muscicapa palustris / Plant Vulgo. Sweet Gum. / Liquidamber Styraciflua"; to right of tail feathers: "12"; erased inscriptions in lower register
Audubon originally named this bird Traill's Fylcatcher for Thomas S. Traill (1781-1862; Orcadian professor of medical jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh), who introduced Audubon in Edinburgh and whose name persists in the Latin species name.
The background flora has been identified as Sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua).
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.