Smith's Longspur, Lesser Goldfinch, Black-headed Siskin, Western Tanager, Hoary Redpoll, Townsend's Bunting, Havell plate nos. 394 and 400

Object Number: 
1863.17.400
Date: 
1821-1837
Medium: 
Watercolor, graphite, black ink, and gouache with touches of pastel on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 17 7/16 x 11 3/4 in. (44.3 x 29.8 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at upper left in graphite: "Emberiza Picta, Swain. / Buff coloured Bunting / Male. -- / 2d quill longest. 1st nearly / equal -- primaries alternated / ...but such on the outer edges / Tail 2 1/4 Inches --"; at the middle left: "Louisiana Tanager / Tanagra ludoviciana. / old Female."; below: illegibly rubbed with fingerprint; at lower left: "Townsend's Finch / Fringilla Townsendii. / Aud."; at lower right: "Linola flavirostris?"; at middle right: "Black-headed Siskin / Fringilla magellanica. Viell[cut] / Male bird -- February -- / 1818. / reversed"; above vertically: "Oregana -- / pallida -- / Lazuli."; at upper right: "Arkansaw Siskin, Male / Fringilla Psaltria, Say."; five birds numbered from lower to upper: "1"; "2 / 2"; "3"; "2"; "5"; at upper right corner: "400"; erased inscriptions throughout
Description: 
From upper to lower: Smith's Longspur (Calcarius pictus), male; Lesser Goldfinch (Spinus psaltria), male; Black-headed Siskin (Spinus notata), male; Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana), female; Hoary Redpoll (Acanthis hornemanni), male; Townsend's Bunting (Emberiza townsendii), male. The Black-headed Siskin was used for Plate 394 and the remaining birds were reoriented for Plate 400.
Gallery Label: 
The bird that Audubon named "Townsend's finch" has never been found again, it may have been a cross between a Dickcissel and a Blue grosbeak
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group