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Mrs. George Washington (1731-1802)

Object Number: 
1858.38
Date: 
1835
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
frame: 36 x 31 3/4 x 4 1/4 in. ( 91.4 x 80.6 x 10.8 cm ) image: 26 1/4 x 21 1/2 in. ( 66.7 x 54.6 cm )
Gallery Label: 
In 1749 Martha Dandridge married Daniel Parke Custis; he died eight years later leaving her one of the largest fortunes and estates in Virginia. In 1759 she married George Washington and moved to Mount Vernon. Stuart's original portrait of Mrs. Washington was painted in Philadelphia in 1795; Stuart's unfinished portrait of George Washingtion and his portrait of Mrs. Washington were both in the collection of the Boston Athenaeum when Durand copied them in 1835.
Bibliography: 
Catalogue: Descriptive, Biographical, and Historical of the Exhibition of Select Paintings, by Modern Artists, Principally American, and Living, Under the Direction of a Committee of Amateurs, the Paintings Borrowed for this Particular Purpose from Friends to the Arts at the Stuyvesant Institute, Open until the Fifth of January, 1839, New York: G. P. Scott, 1838, p. 10. Tuckerman, Henry T., Book of the Artists, American Artist Life, Comprising Biographical and Critical Sketches of American Artists: Preceded by an Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of Art in America, New York: P. Putnam & Son, 1867, p. 621. Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, pp. 63, 140, 149-52, 159-62, 192-4, 610, 614, 616, 620. Catalogue of American Portraits in The New-York Historical Society, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974, Vol. 2, p. 866. Foshay, Ella M., Luman Reed's Picture Gallery: Pioneer Collection of American Art, New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1990, pp. 19, 30-1, 46-8, 61-2, 84, 141-5, 200, 204-5, 209. Lyons, Maura, William Dunlap and the Construction of an American Art History, Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press, 2005, pp. 157-8.
Credit Line: 
Gift of The New-York Gallery of the Fine Arts
Provenance: 
Luman Reed, d. 1836; Mrs. Luman Reed, New York, 1836-44; New-York Gallery of the Fine Arts, 1844-58.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group