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Jug

Object Number: 
INV.6509
Date: 
ca. 1600-1750
Medium: 
Stoneware
Dimensions: 
Overall: 6 1/4 x 4 3/4 in. ( 15.9 x 12.1 cm )
Description: 
Wheelthrown bulbous grey stoneware jug with modeled and incised mask of bearded man on bottle neck under banded border opposite handle and raised floral medallion impressions (3), under a caramel-colored salt glaze.
Gallery Label: 
Bellamarines, greybeards, or bartmann krug as they are called in Germany where they were first made in the 16th century continued to be produced there until late in the 19th century. They were exported early on to England where it was believed that they represented Cardinal Bellarmino (1542-1621), a leader of the Counter-Reformation. They were sometimes called D'Alva bottles after the Spanish duke.
Bibliography: 
Krohn, Deborah, Peter Miller, and Marybeth De Filippis, eds., "Dutch New York Between East and West: The World of Margrieta van Varick." New York: Bard Graduate Center, New-York Historical Society, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2009, p. 302
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group